In vitro fertilization (IVF)


In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process by which egg cells are fertilized by sperm outside the womb, in vitro. IVF is a major treatment in infertility when other methods of assisted reproductive technology have failed. The process involves hormonally controlling the ovulatory process, removing ova (eggs) from the woman's ovaries and letting sperm fertilize them in a fluid medium.


Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)


Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is an in vitro fertilization procedure in which a single sperm is injected directly into an egg. This procedure is most commonly used to overcome male infertility problems, although it may also be used where eggs cannot easily be penetrated by sperm, and occasionally as a method of in vitro fertilization, especially that associated with sperm donation.


Frequently Asked Questions on ICSI


What is ICSI?
ICSI is short for Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection. It is the term we use for the direct microinjection of a single sperm into a single egg in order to achieve fertilization.


Recent Advances


For some patients with severe testicular failure, sometimes, it is not possible to find any sperm at all as even in spite of taking multiple testicular biopsies. In such patients pregnancies have been achieved even by injecting round spermatids (immature precursor cells from which the sperm are formed) from the testis into the egg.


IVF Glossary


Term Used


Abandoned Cycle

In IVF, where a treatment cycle is cancelled after commencing administration of drugs but before embryo transfer.

Adjusted Live Birth Rate